Tuesday, February 17, 2015

Trenton's Stores

Swern's Department Store, S. Broad St.

M. Robinson and Sons, 1920's

Klatzskin's Men's Shop

S. Broad St.

Litowtiz Brothers Produce Co.

Saturday, December 20, 2014

Greenacres Country Club

Greenacres Country Club

Arthur L. Finkle

The progress club, founded in the 1920’s, included the more prosperous Jewish families in Trenton. A purely social body, headquartered at the Alhambra Building on North Warren Street, moved to the Brougton Estate. Merging with the Sphinx Club in 1925, its members formed a country club was formed on Lawrenceville road, near Lawrenceville School. It opened with a clambake and golf picnic in 1925. Peter Kreuger was a driving force. 

In the 1920’s, Country Clubs in Mercer County and in the United States notoriously restricted Jews.  Longacres Country Club, a country club in Lawrenceville across from the municipal complex, belonged to this discriminatory fraternity.

Longacres  was  an exclusive (no Jews, among others,  allowed) private country club.  A Longacres member invited Chick Bash, a the   Mercer Country Golf District  Champion golfer in  the 1930’s, to play at his Country Club (Longacres). When  Chick arrived by car,  An attendant  summarily instructed him NOT to take his golf clubs out of his car. A short time after this incident,  a group of Trenton businessmen   formed Greenacres Country Club to accommodate members of the Jewish community with a golf club because they were denied membership at all other private clubs in the area. Longacres had gone into bankruptcy and it was bought out of the bankruptcy court by a group of Trenton business men with the help of three local banks. 

 Operated by John and Mary Gaug, the Progress Club was a public golf course in Lawrenceville on the  northern side of the Lawrenceville School golf course, John and Mary Gaug  later were employed to run the club house at Greenacres . The Gaug’s son, Gaug  son, John Gaug Jr. taught history at Junior Three.

The Progress Club, most of its members prosperous Jewish businessmen and professionals,  was a public golf course in Lawrenceville on the northern side of the Lawrenceville School golf course,  did accommodate Jewish golfers. A number of the former members of Longacres country club were original members of the new club and several members of the Progress Club became members. 

To  accommodate Jewish  and non-Jewish  golfers, Greenacres Country Club incorporated as a nonsectarian club.  Nothing in the certificate of incorporation indicates that it was an exclusively Jewish club.  The charitable  requirement of Greenacres, in fact, indicated that Jewish members were required to give  annual  donations to the Trenton Jewish Federation;, non-Jewish members could give their charitable contribution to the United Way.

Harry Friedman, the owner of the Horseman Doll Factory with the assistance of  three banks (Trenton Trust, Broad Street Bank and First Mechanics) largely provided financing for the Greenacres Club, (originally secured from the bankruptcy court). Trenton Trust managed the mortgage.

In order to protect the equity in the land from any losses in the operations of the country club,  the members formed the Greenacres County Club Holding Company and transferred all lands  to this holding company.  Subsequently, led by Leon Levy, Esq.  the early members donated cash to the holding company in exchange for shares. Thereupon the members donated almost 100% of the holding company stock to the Greenacres Foundation, a charitable foundation to hold the stock of the holding company in perpetuity so there would always be a country club that would not discriminate against Jews.

Founded in 1938, Greenacres Country Club remains true to the vision of a Club committed to the principles of family and fellowship. Greenacres Members share a common bond of social, civic and charitable

Greenacres Country Club has been a social and recreational haven for members residing in Mercer County, NJ, Bucks County, PA, Princeton and north for three quarters of a century. The Membership and Management are intertwined by their common goal to provide a gracious and welcoming environment in which members and their guests may come together for sport and social gatherings.

The Club encompasses over 150-acres and includes a pristine 18-hole golf course and a full service golf professional shop. A complete tennis facility with eight courts and pro shop sit near the pool facilities with pool house and snack bar close by.

The Club has a very active social calendar, a junior recreation day camp program and daily food and beverage service for members, family and guests in our grille room, sun room and outdoor deck and patio areas. The banquet room seats approximately 220 guests for a typical event, and boasts a beautiful lounge/bar area.

The culture of the Club is an active, family friendly environment serving an active membership of varying ages. The membership anuualy contributed more than $300,000 collectively to charitable organizations..

My grateful thanks to Victor Walcoff, Esq.



Arthur L. Finkle

One of the leading social clubs of the present day, with a membership exclusively Jewish, is the Progress Club, which since 1922 has been occupying a handsome club house at 178 West State Street.

This organization began in November 1894 as the Young Men's Hebrew Club, with a membership of twenty‑seven. .Its first meetings were held in a room in a building on South Broad .Street, below Factory, but later the club moved to East State Street, between Broad and Warren Streets. Arthur Schwartz was the first president of the old club, which was interested in improving the mental, moral, social and physical conditions of its members and of protecting Hebrew interests.

About 1905, the club changed into a purely social one, and adopted the name of the Progress Club. New quarters were acquired in the Alhambra Building. Subsequently, the Thropp property on 534 East State Street became the club's headquarters.
In 1922, the members bought from John S. Broughton estate at 178 West State Street, now the newer N.J.E.A. building.

Dr. Samuel Freeman was the first president after the establishment of the Progress Club; Barnett Elting was vice-president; A. Siegel, treasurer; and Philip Papier, secretary.

In 1925 the Progress Club men bought a country place on the Lawrenceville Road, where they have established a golf club. When this purchase was made the official name was changed to the Progress City and Country Club. See http://trentonhistory.org/His/Social.html
Consisting of mostly successful German Jewish businessmen who also attended Har Sinai Temple, they used the club to host Temple functions. See Evening Times, Thursday, October 10, 1901


Its officers in 1901: M. A. Fuld, President; S. Kahn, Vice President; Sol Papier, Secretary. See Trenton Evening Times, January 7, 1901

The Governing Board: S. Kahn; P. Lazarus; A. Klinkowstein; M.A. Fuld; L. A. Fuld; L. L. Friedman; A. Seigel; E. R. Fox; S. Levy; Sol Papier; and William Vogel.
In 1903, Har Sinai Temple held a children’s party. The new account cited that large crowd of children (100) received prizes. The event took place
at the Progress Club, North Warren street, Saturday afternoon, for the benefit of the new Har Sinai temple Pipe organ fund.    

Mrs. Sigmund Baron was chair of the committee. Har Sinai’s spiritual leader, Rev. Turman attended.
In 1905, Progress Club hosted a Masquerade party at 85 North Warren St. Members of the Progress Club and their friends enjoyed a masquerade dance and euchre (old form of Bridge) at 85 North Warren Street.

Those who earned prizes were Dolly Varden; Miss Hannah Vogel; Miss Barbara Vogel; Miss Miriam Kahn, Miss Bettie Siegel and Miss Jennie Fox.

Those who participated in  "Crazy Patch" Were Mrs. Emanuel; Mrs. Barney Elting, Mrs. Jonas D. Rice. Mrs. S. Krueger, Miss A. Siegel; Mrs. Louis Fuld;  Mrs. J. Kahn. Mrs. Herman Kahn and Mrs. Philip Lazarus.

"The Big Eight" party consisted of Mrs. Louis Fuld; Mrs. A. Siegel; Mrs. J. D. Rice; Mrs. Emanuel New; Mrs. B. Elting; Mrs. Herman Frank; Mrs. S. Krueger; and  Mrs. J. Kahn.

Others were Mrs. Sol. Papier; Mrs. I. Goldberg; Isaac Goldberg; Harry Kahn; Sol Papier; Louis A. Fuld; Eli  Simon; Mrs. Philip Papier;  Sam. Jacobey;  Mrs. J. Jacobey; Miss Fannie Freeman; Emil Fox; Fisher Finkelstein of Newark; Philip Papier; Dr. Samuel; Freeman; Mrs. Zerkoff; Solomon Berman; Otto Vogel; David Plough;  Solomon Block; Mrs. S. Baron; Jacob Berman; Mrs. Jacob Berman; Mrs. A. S. Rogowski; H. Sei­gel; Mrs. Samuel Levy; Philip Papier; Sol. Papier; Philip Lazarus: and Miss E. Donnor. of New York.

The Hotel Hildebrecht Catering Company served refreshments.
The ENTERTAINMENT committee consisted: Philip Lazarus, chairman; Barney Itzig and Sigmund Baron. See Evening Times, Progress Club Masquerade Dec  1 1905

On November 25, 1910, the Progress Club 15th celebrated its 15th anniversary.

Some of the functions held during the years included a New Year's Eve Party:
Members of the Progress Club will enjoy a New Tears Eve dinner and dance this evening at the club house. Cards will be Played from 8:30 until 11 o'clock, and later din­ner will be served. There will be a cabaret show and dancing also. Reynold will cater.
Those in charge of the affair are: Albert Gold, Philip Lazarus and Albert Block. See Trenton Evening Times, Dec 31 1917
The Evening Times reported that in October 1911, the Progress Club honored Hon. Samuel G. Naar, the only Jewish attorney at the time and the son of Naar, who arrived in Trenton in the early 1850’s from Elizabeth, NJ. Judge Naar worked for the state legislature and owned the Trenton True American Newspaper. The Naar’s, Sephardic Jews, originally from Portugal were one of the first Jewish family in Trenton. Judge David Naar, father of and was recognized as one of the State leaders of the Democratic party.

In 1913, the Progress Club held a ladies' night last evening in the form of a banquet in its rooms in the Mechanics Building. After the feast five hundred was played. Those who were awarded favors were Mrs. Isaac Goldberg. Mrs. Samuel Freeman, Miss Fannie Grumbacher of York, Pa. Theodore Tobish, Philip Goldman and Julius Schafer. The committee comprised William Vogel, Samuel Levy and Philip Lazarus. See Banquet And Cards For Ladies At Progress Club, Trenton Evening Times, Nov 28 1913.
In 1914, Mrs. Jonas A. Fuld hosted A Card party at the club, to raise $1,500 for transportation costs for 200 summer camp children. See Evening Times, May 6, 1914.
Nineteen fourteen was also the year that the Progress Club located to 534 East State Street. See Evening Times, March 11, 1914

New Year's Function For Progress Club Dec 31 1917
The club rented quarters from the majestic estate located at 534 East State St to 1919. Thereafter, it moved to 22 ½ n. warren on the 2nd and 3rd floors. In 1922, it located to the Broughton Home on 178 West State Street.  See Sale of Handsome Broughton Home To Progress Club Has Been Consummated; Auditorium Will Be Added, Trenton Evening Times (Trenton, NJ) ,  Sunday, April 30, 1922.
Its next move was to Lawrenceville Road in June 1926. This location housed a club and a golf course. See Trenton Evening Times, June 23, 1926.
For probable members, see appendix below.

1920 City Directory of Trenton

(Fitzgerald Publishing, Trenton, NJ )

Probable Progress Club Members/or Families 
Elting Barnet, millinery, 23 S Broad and 42 E State
Emanuel M M, (Trenton Garment Co), res American House
Fox Emil, collector, h 33 Wilkinson 
Frank Herman, salesman, h 197 W Hanover
Freeman Samuel, city physician, bds 448 S Broad
Friedman Leonard L, physician, h 627 Princeton av
FULD ABRAHAM, (Louis A Fuld & Co), h 645 W State
Fuld Jonas, (South Jersey Crockery Co) h 602 W State
Fuld Leah R, widow of  Louis A,  645 W State
FULD LOUIS A & CO, real estate and insurance, 712 Amer Mech Bldg
Fuld Manes A, real estate, h 645 W State
Gold Albert, mgr Seidenberg & Co, h 460 Hamilton av
Goldberg's Department Store Inc, Broad and Front, Isaac Goldberg pres and treas, Milton Goldberg v-pres, John J Mitchell 2d v-pres, Benjamin Goldberg sec
Goldman Philip, (Eagle Tea and Furniture Co), h 930 Carteret av
Grumbacher Jacob, cigars, 151 N Broad, h 233 N Warren
Grumbacher Jacob S; jr, bds 309 E State
Grumbacher Max, (S Grumbacher & Son), h 309 E State
Grumbacher Samuel, (S Grumbacher & Son), h 309 E State
Grumbacher Samuel & Son(Max), millinery, 19 S Broad
Kahn Jacob, (S Kahn & Sons), h 436 E State
Kahn Mayer, h 517 E State
Kahn Samuel, (S Kahn & Sons), h 436 E State
Kahn Sigmund, (S Kahn &Sons), h 44 W Front
Kahn S & Sons, (Sigmund; Jacob and Samuel), hatters, 101 S Broad
Klinkawstein A, wholesale wines and liquors, 120 S Broad, h 42 Carroll
Lazarus Abraham, shoes, 107 Klagg av, h do
Lazarus Philip, milliner, 146 S Broad, h do
Levy I Herbert, lawyer (Forman & Levy), 817 Bd St Bk Bldg, h 407 N Clinton 
Naar Adele S, wid Joseph L, h 250 Spring
Naar Frank G, clerk, res 250 Spring
Naar Frederick, chauffeur, res 174 Liberty
Naar Henry K, water inspector, h 31 S Walter av
Naar Ida, wid Manfred, h 38 Sanford
Naar Joseph, reporter, h 250 Sprin
Naar Mildred, stenographer, res 259 Spring
Naar Mary, wid Isaac, res 209 S Clinton av
Papier Joseph S, (Papier's Supply), h 36 Murray
Papier Philip B, Food Shop, h 16 Colonel av
Papier Philip, (Food Shop and Papier's Auto Supply), h 474 Riverside av
Papier Sarah, wid Solomon, res 16 Colonial av
Papier's Auto Supply, (Joseph S and Philip Papier), 105 E Hanover
Rice Bertha, wid Joseph, res 602 W State
Rice Caroline A, teacher, res 238 Passaic
Rice Donald B, supervisor, res 844 Carteret av
Rice Ellwood, waiter, h 14 Bellevue av
Rice Harold D, accountant, h 36 Sanford
Rice Harriet, wid Josiah, h 238 Passaic
RICE JOSEPH 2d, (Joseph Rice 2d Co), res 602 W State
RICE JOSEPH 2d CO, (Joseph Rice 2d) wholesale confectionery, 518-520 Perr
Rice Louis S, asst treasurer, h 844 Carteret av
RICE ROOFING CO, (Albert I Rice), 331-336 Perry
Schafer Julius, pres-treas Home Furniture Co, h 510 Riverside av
Siegle Bros, (Irvin and Samuel), paper bags, 32 and 34 W Hanover
Simon Samue , sec Fitzgibbon & Crisp Inc, res 22 Edgemere
Tobish Abraham, (B Tobish & Son), h 41 Bryn Mawr av
Tobish Bernard, (B Tobish & Son), h 612 W State
Tobish B & Son, (Abraham and Bernard), men's furnishings, 159 S Broad
Tobish Lois, teacher, res 612 W State
Tobish Marion R, res 612 W State
Tobish Theodore, civil engineer; contractor, 216 Amer Mech Bldg, 40 Bryn Mawr av
Vogel Solomon H, treas Trenton Loan and Realty Co, h 872 Stuyvesant av